In May 2017, President Xi Jinping delivered a speech at the opening ceremony of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. President Xi pointed out that we should bring think tank alliance and network into full play. Some experts believed that the think tank network based on the unique advantage of each think tank, promoting resource optimization, avoiding duplication of research, and promoting interest sharing among think tanks.
The "Silk Road Forum" and the "Silk Road Think Tank Network", initiated by the development research center of the State Council, are one of earliest attempts to build a network of think tanks internationally. After several years of operation, significant results have been achieved.